The title of the first bishop of Aksum is historically attributed to Saint Frumentius.

Mekelle: 30 December 2023 (Tigray Herald)

By Yerga Yaecobe

The title of the first bishop of Aksum is historically attributed to Saint Frumentius. Frumentius, originally from the Eastern Roman Empire, arrived in Aksum around 330 CE. He and his brother Aedesius were part of a Christian expedition to India, but they stopped in Aksum due to a tragic event.

Following the death of the Aksumite king during their stay, the Christian merchants were welcomed at the royal court. However, soon after, they faced hostility, leading to the killing of many Christians, including Frumentius’s brother. Frumentius and Aedesius managed to escape, and Frumentius eventually became an advisor to the new king.

Frumentius advocated for Christianity and played a key role in establishing it in Aksum. When the king came of age, Frumentius requested permission to travel to Alexandria to seek missionaries for the growing Christian community in Aksum. The Patriarch of Alexandria consecrated Frumentius as a bishop to oversee the Aksumite Church.

Frumentius returned to Aksum as the first bishop, spreading Christianity and contributing significantly to its establishment in the region. Aksum’s conversion to Christianity had profound implications for the Horn of Africa, influencing cultural, social, and political aspects.

The significance of Aksum’s Christianity is also tied to the belief that the Ark of the Covenant, a sacred relic in Judaism, was housed in Aksum. This tradition, while not universally accepted, has contributed to the city’s religious and historical importance.

In summary, Saint Frumentius, originally from the Eastern Roman Empire, became the first bishop of Aksum around 330 CE. His journey to Aksum, the tragic events that unfolded, and his subsequent role in establishing Christianity make him a central figure in the religious history of the region. Aksum’s conversion to Christianity, marked by Frumentius’s efforts, had a lasting impact on the Horn of Africa, and the city’s association with the Ark of the Covenant adds to its significance in both religious and historical contexts.

Frumentius (Ge’ez: ፍሬምናጦስ; died c. 383) was a Phoenician Christian missionary and the first bishop of Axum who brought Christianity to the Kingdom of Aksum. He is sometimes known by other names, such as Abuna (“Our Father”) and Aba Salama (“Father of Peace”).

Who was the first bishop in Ethiopia?
Saint Frumentius
Saint Frumentius became the first bishop of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in 347 CE. Saint Frumentius was of Syrian origin and he was the one who organized the Ethiopian Orthodox Church based on Greek Orthodoxy, in the city of Aksum.

Aksum had become Christianized in the fourth century C.E. and became the first sub-Saharan African state to embrace the new Semitic religion. A figure named Frumentius is given credit for spreading the gospel to Ethiopia. Frumentius came from the Phoenician

Countering Genocidal  Meida Propaganda campaign. By the
right-wing Amhara ultra nationalist groups against Oromia and Tigray.other nationalities. In Ethiopia today.

new media age demands new strategies to  fightie fascism and genocidal propaganda.message’s wrong and  falls narrative  by Amhara right-wing ultra nationalist group’s especially   targeting the people of Tigray  and Oromo  the
fascist.Media propaganda.campaign  LED   by the Amhara  media  is continue.

Addressing the rise of new media tactics promoting fascism and genocidal propaganda requires a multifaceted approach. Here are some comprehensive strategies to counter these narratives:

Media Literacy Education: Implement widespread media literacy programs to equip individuals with critical thinking skills, enabling them to discern between credible information and false propaganda.

Counter-Narratives: Develop and disseminate counter-narratives that challenge and debunk false claims propagated by extremist groups. These narratives should emphasize unity, tolerance, and respect for diversity.

Collaborative Journalism: Foster collaborations among reputable journalists, media outlets, and fact-checking organizations to verify and debunk misinformation swiftly, ensuring accurate information reaches the public.

Social Media Regulation: Advocate for responsible social media regulation to curb the spread of hate speech, false information, and extremist content. Platforms should enforce stricter content moderation and fact-checking mechanisms.

exposing the evil media propaganda
hidden agenda’s
Engaging Influencers: Partner with influencers, community leaders, and public figures to promote messages of peace, understanding, and inclusivity, reaching a wider audience and countering extremist narratives.

Digital Forensics: Establish teams specializing in digital forensics to trace the origins of false information, track its dissemination, and identify the entities behind its creation.

Community Empowerment: Strengthen local communities by providing them with the tools to identify and reject extremist ideologies. Community-led initiatives can help build resilience against divisive propaganda.

International Collaboration: Work with international organizations, governments, and NGOs to share best practices and coordinate efforts in countering global extremist media campaigns.

Storytelling Campaigns: Create compelling storytelling campaigns that humanize the victims of genocide and promote empathy. Personal narratives can help counteract dehumanizing propaganda.

Media legal team’s strategy’s

Legal Measures: Enforce existing laws against hate speech and incitement to violence. Collaborate with legal experts to ensure that perpetrators of online extremism are held accountable.

Public Service Announcements: Develop and broadcast public service announcements across various media platforms to educate the public about the dangers of extremism and the importance of unity.

Tech Industry Accountability: Pressure technology companies to be more proactive in detecting and removing extremist content, while also ensuring transparency in their content moderation processes.

Research and Analysis: Invest in research to better understand the dynamics of online extremism and propaganda dissemination, enabling the development of more effective counter-strategies.

Crisis Communication Plans: Prepare crisis communication plans to address instances of spreading extremist propaganda swiftly and effectively, minimizing its impact.

Empower Targeted Communities: Provide platforms for affected communities, such as Tigray and Oromo,   other nationalities   to share their experiences, concerns, and perspectives, giving them agency in countering false narratives.and genocidal

Combating the rise of fascist  right wing Amhara   media propaganda demands a comprehensive, collaborative, and persistent effort that encompasses media, education, technology, and community engagement. By implementing these strategies, societies can work towards preventing the recurrence of genocidal propaganda and fostering a more inclusive and tolerant environment.the Amhara  right-wing group’s  state of Madness
can not be ignored and tolerate anymore.
The oromo and tigray, other nationalist
intellectuals in the diaspora most work together in collaborating and cooperating
To  tackle fascism’s and genocide.

Title: Strategic Plan for Promoting Ancient Tigray Heritage Tourism at Worldwide Exhibitions
Tigray, with its over 3000 years of rich history, presents a unique blend of religious and cultural heritage. This strategic plan aims to promote Tigray’s ancient treasures at worldwide exhibitions, emphasizing its pre-Aksumait civilization, the Kingdom of Da’amat, and the beauty of Geralta Mountains and Aksum Obelisks.
Key Selling Points:
Pre-Aksumait Civilization:
Highlight the historical significance of the pre-Aksumait civilization, showcasing artifacts, archaeological findings, and the evolution of early societies in the region.
Emphasize Yeha as the first African capital and promote the Temple of the Moon as a standing testament to Tigray’s ancient history.
Kingdom of Da’amat:
Emphasize the uniqueness of the Da’amat Kingdom, predating the Axumite Kingdom by centuries.
Showcase the remains of Yeha and its role as the first African capital, bringing attention to the Temple of the Moon through compelling archaeological evidence.
Ancient Geez Tigrinya Manuscripts:
Present the ancient Geez Tigrinya manuscripts as the cradle of the three Abrahamic religions, emphasizing Tigray’s role in the religious history of the African continent.Judaism Christianity and Islam has historical link to the  King of Aksum in religious Harmony and Tolerance’s
Highlight the linguistic importance of Geez Tigrinya and its contribution to the development of religious texts.

Rock-Hewn Churches:

Feature over 300 ancient rock-hewn churches, the oldest  Rock-Hewn Churches: in Africa. showcasing their architectural brilliance and religious significance.architectural ingenuity’s
Create immersive exhibits that transport visitors to the spiritual and historical ambiance of these unique structures.
Geralta Mountains:

Showcase the breathtaking beauty of Geralta Mountains, emphasizing their role as a natural wonder and a backdrop to the historical treasures of Tigray.
Utilize visual presentations, photography, and multimedia to capture the essence of the mountainous landscapes.
Aksum Obelisks:
Highlight the significance of Aksum Obelisks as iconic symbols of ancient Aksumite civilization.
Bring attention to their historical and cultural importance, portraying them as monumental structures that stand as witnesses to Tigray’s enduring legacy.
Marketing and Outreach:
Traditional Tigray  music Festivals
Ashenda Festival Boosts Tourism
Ashenda is a vibrant Tigrayan cultural festival celebrated annually, featuring unique traditional music that captivates participants and spectators alike. The festival showcases the rich musical heritage of Tigray, with performances deeply rooted in local traditions. Ashenda plays a crucial role in promoting Tigray’s tourism industry by attracting visitors who are eager to experience the region’s distinctive music, dance, and cultural expressions. This lively celebration not only fosters a sense of community but also serves as a cultural ambassador, contributing to the recognition and appreciation of Tigrayan traditions on a broader scale.
Religious and cultures
Cultural and Religious  ancient music, as Saint Yared  was an Aksumite Tigrayan composer in the 6th century. Often credited with the forerunner of traditional music  he developed the music of  Church the use in liturgical music, as well as the Tigrayan musical notation system. Additionally, he composed Zema, or the chant tradition of Tigrayn particularly the chants of the Tigraya Orthodox Tewahedo Churches, which are still performed  the historical Holly city of Aksum and other churches
The great king of Aksum
King Ezana of Aksum, hailing from the Tigray region in the 5th century, left a remarkable legacy through his gold currency. The 5th-century gold coin, bearing his imprint, serves as a captivating relic of Aksum’s rich cultural and religious history. Witness the transition from polytheism to Oriental Christianity, reflected in the currency, and explore its pivotal role in facilitating the flourishing Red Sea trade that fueled Aksum’s prosperity. This historic currency offers tourists a tangible link to Aksum’s past, unveiling the kingdom’s dynamic cultural evolution and its impact on regional trade.
Online Presence:
Establish a dedicated website and social media channels to showcase Tigray’s heritage.
Utilize engaging content, virtual tours, and interactive features to attract a global audience.
Collaborate with international museums, cultural institutions, and tourism boards to host joint exhibitions and events.
Leverage partnerships to enhance visibility and reach diverse audiences.
Educational Programs:
Develop educational programs and workshops to provide in-depth insights into Tigray’s history, encouraging academic engagement.
Target educational institutions, scholars, and students to foster a deeper understanding of Tigray’s heritage.
Travel Packages:
Collaborate with travel agencies to create specialized heritage tourism packages.
Promote guided tours to Tigray, emphasizing the unique historical and cultural experiences the region offers.
This strategic plan aims to position Tigray’s ancient heritage as a global attraction, leveraging its historical depth, cultural richness, and natural beauty. Through targeted marketing and collaborative efforts, Tigray can captivate a worldwide audience and establish itself as a must-visit destination for heritage enthusiasts.
cultural tourism diplomacy’s for Tigray
well every Tigrayan citizen is an cultural ambassador of Tigray wherever they are
individually and collectively.
While traditional diplomacy often revolves around incentive, power, and alliances, cultural diplomacy relies on the power of attraction, co-option, and the appeal to other nations’ cultures, political ideals, and polics

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