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A call for a full-implementation of the Pretoria Agreement by Tigrai Universities Scholars Association

Mekelle:  8 March 2024 (Tigray Herald)

A call for a full-implementation of the Pretoria Agreement by Tigrai Universities Scholars Association

The State Department, United States of America European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

The United Nations Office of the Secretary General

It is to be recalled that the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CoHA) was signed between the government of Ethiopia and the TPLF on November 2, 2022 in Pretoria. Following the AU-mediated deal, many hoped to see the words put into action, a complete implementation of the agreement, that is, the withdrawal of foreign and non-ENDF forces from Tigrai, the restoration of the constitution, and safe return of the tens of thousands of the refugees in the Sudan and the hundreds of thousands at IDPs in Tigrai to their homes.

Sadly, Tigrai is getting worse after the truce. In violation of the agreement, the said forces and settlers from Amhara to the different areas of Tigrai are still there, causing mass displacements, torture, killings and disappearances of the hundreds of thousands Tigraians who were unable to flee from their homes. Likewise, those who managed to flee due to the genocidal war are still living in very dire situations at IDP centers.

As the deal is yet to be fully implemented, the suffering and humiliation of the people continues unabated. While tens of thousands slowly die, suffer, and disappear, one-third of what used to be one intact regional state of Tigrai still remains under occupation, thereby complicating the very essence of the deal.

Given the protracted nature of the conflict, and the absence of any clear and binding ultimatum nor consequences for any mishaps, any smooth implementation of the agreement appears to be easier said than done. Sadly, the ones who suffer and are caught in the middle are civilians, the people of Tigrai, in Tigrai and elsewhere.

Hence, the Tigrai Universities Scholars Association (TUSA) strongly urges the AU High Level Panel, the EU, the State Department of USA, the UN, and the international community at large to seriously heed the desperate situation the people of Tigrai are in and play their role to see the implementation of the Pretoria peace agreement to its fullest by ensuring:

1. The immediate and unconditional withdrawal of the Eritrean and Amhara forces from all the

territories of Tigrai as per the Pretoria Agreement;

2. The safe and guaranteed return of the Tigraian refugees in the Sudan to their homeland. 3. The end of the suffering of the IDPs by returning them to their homes safely by fulfilling all

4. The restoration of the territorial integrity of Tigrai as per the country’s constitution.

Universities Scholars Association has called for a full implementatiin of the Pretoria Agreement so that the suffering of the millions of Tegaru can get an end.

In its statement, TUSA strongly urged the AU High Level Panel, the
EU, USA, the UN & the IC to seriously heed the desperate situation the people of Tigrai are in and play their role to see the full implementation of the Pretoria Agreement.

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